Frank W. Benson Biography
Benson is credited with making the American sporting print a distinct art form and for being one of the outstanding 20th-century wildlife printmakers. He was a life-long hunter, and it was said that he knew birds as only a sportsman can. He worked in both etching and drypoint and was lauded for his clear design, the naturalness of his birds and hunters, and the mastery of etching techniques.
Born in Salem, Massachusetts, Frank Benson was a painter of impressionist seascapes and landscapes, often with figures posed by his wife and children, and also numerous hunting scenes. He spent most of his life in the seaport town of Salem and loved trekking through the countryside for his subject matter, especially wildlife.
He was a teacher in Portland, Maine at The Society of Art, and in Boston at The Museum of Fine Arts, where he and his good friend Edmund Tarbell established it as a top-notch institution.
He studied art in Boston at the Museum School of Fine Arts, and in 1883 in Paris with Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre at the Academie Julian during the French Impressionism movement. By the early 1900s, he had a very successful career and was a member of the Ten American Painters, a prestigious group of early impressionists.
Midway through his career as a recognized oil painter, he began to paint with watercolors, perhaps inspired by Winslow Homer's use of that medium to show hunting scenes in the Adirondacks. In 1921, Benson became a serious watercolorist while on a fishing expedition to the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec, and from that time until his death in 1951, he created nearly six-hundred watercolors. He also did an occasional still life with Oriental themes such as Confucius circa 1930.
In 2005, The Cahoon Museum of American Art in Cotuit, Massachusetts had an exhibition of work by Benson titled Frank W. Benson---Sportsman/Etcher.